By Yefim Gordon
In 1964, the Tupolev layout Bureau all started improvement of a twin-engined medium bomber meant instead for the Tu-22 supersonic bomber which had entered provider within the early Nineteen Sixties.
For political purposes, Andrey Nikolayevich Tupolev offered the venture because the Tu-22M; this used to be a trick meant to idiot the Soviet executive into considering a substantial elevate in services will be received by means of an easy amendment of the prevailing Tu-22 'Blinder'. This, in response to Tupolev, was once more straightforward and less expensive than the ''clean sheet of paper'' designs proposed via the rival Sukhoi and Myasischev bureaus.
Known in-house as ''aircraft 145'', firstly the projected bomber certainly seemed like a rehash of the creation Tu-22 with new variable-geometry wings. quickly, in spite of the fact that, it turned noticeable that this strategy was once no sturdy, and the airplane which finally entered flight checking out on 30 August 1969 because the Tu-22M0 had nearly not anything in universal with the Blinder. Suffice it to claim that the engines have been now buried within the fuselage, now not fastened on the base of the fin.
Achieving preliminary working potential in 1972, the bomber was once first and foremost misidentified through the West because the Tu-26 and code-named Backfire. The preliminary Tu-22M2 construction model developed into the enhanced Tu-22M3 and the Tu-22MR reconnaissance model. as well as traditional bombing, the airplane was once compatible for naval missile strike missions. From 1987 on, the sort observed motion through the final level of the Afghan warfare, shedding heavy bombs which, within the phrases of the workforce, ''flattened the mountains completely''. After the loss of life of the Soviet Union, the sort used to be operated by way of of the hot CIS republics, Russia and the Ukraine.