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By Thomas Adam

In 19th-century Leipzig, Toronto, long island, and Boston, a newly emergent workforce of industrialists and marketers entered into pageant with older verified elite teams for social attractiveness in addition to cultural and political management. the contest used to be performed out at the box of philanthropy, with the North American neighborhood collecting rules from Europe in regards to the institution of cultural and public associations. for instance, to safe financing for his or her new museum, the founders of the Metropolitan Museum of paintings geared up its club and fundraising at the version of German paintings museums. the method of cultural borrowing and intercultural move formed city landscapes with the construction of latest libraries, museums, and social housing initiatives. a big contribution to the fairly new box of transnational background, this publication establishes philanthropy as a chief instance of the conversion of monetary assets into social and cultural capital.

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38 Within this committee a subcommittee of thirteen men under Putnam’s leadership was appointed to prepare a constitution. In May 1870, this association was incorporated and its constitution was published. The structure of this new association adopted some features from the German art associations and some features from the social clubs of New York City. Similar to the Union Club and the Union League Club, membership in the Metropolitan Art Museum Association was initially limited to 250. Those who aspired to become members had to be nominated by the trustees.

Already in 1872, Toronto artists had formed the Ontario Society of Artists (OSA) with the goal of establishing an art museum and a school. It was George A. Reid, the president of the OSA, who persuaded Walker to take a leading role in the creation of an art museum. This was an excellent choice for two reasons: First, Walker had carefully observed the organizational structure of the Metropolitan Museum of Art and longed for the establishment of a similar institution in Toronto. ”54 Walker was not alone in providing the necessary know-how.

After their return, they delivered a written report to the board of trustees. The prime example of this new approach is the survey of American museums by Adolf Bernhard Meyer (1840–1911), the director of the Royal Zoological, Anthropological, and Ethnographical Museum in Dresden. ” Because of the large number of American museums and the limited time available, Meyer decided to visit only the eastern part of the country (New York, Albany, Buffalo, Chicago, Washington, Philadelphia, Boston, and Cambridge).

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