By Colin Kidd
This ebook examines the prestige and makes use of of ethnicity in political debate in the course of the 17th and eighteenth centuries, the period that instantly preceded the onset of recent racialist and nationalist pondering. Ranging greatly around the political cultures of britain, Scotland, eire and progressive the US, it additionally considers eu impacts and comparisons in addition to attractive traditionally with present debates over nationalism and identification.
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Extra resources for British Identities before Nationalism: Ethnicity and Nationhood in the Atlantic World, 1600-1800
T. Michals, ‘‘‘That sole and despotic dominion’’: slaves, wives, and game in Blackstone’s Commentaries’, ECS 27 (1993–4), 196–7. Õ Gossett, Race, p. 44. ÕÀ W. Stanton, The leopard’s spots: scientiWc attitudes toward race in America 1815–1859 (Chicago, 1960), pp. 3–13. See also M. A. Noll, Princeton and the Republic, 1768–1822: the search for a Christian Enlightenment in the era of Samuel Stanhope Smith (Princeton, 1989), pp. 115–21. ÕÃ However, it would be a mistake to assume premature emancipation of ethnological discourse from theological categories.
BuVon, on the other hand, criticised the disservice done to nature by the categories of the taxonomist. In addition, BuVon’s crafted mixture of subversive arguments, obscured by smokescreen declarations of Biblical orthodoxy, and hypocritical willingness to retract particular statements which gave oVence to the Sorbonne (while conserving his overall position), made his theological position diYcult to parse with any conWdence. Nevertheless, by the late 1770s it was clear that he had broken with traditional schemes of chronology with his estimate of about 75,000 years for the age of the cooling earth.
Athanasius Kircher, Arca Noe (Amsterdam, 1675), ‘Tabula geographica divisionis gentium et populorum per tres Wlios Noe, Sem, Cham, Japhet, posterosque eorum’, at pp. 222–3. g. the speculations of Robert Baillie in 1627 on the primeval language, in J. Durkan, ‘King Aristotle and Old ‘‘Butterdish’’: the making of a graduate in seventeenth-century Glasgow’, College Courant, no. 63 (September 1979), 19. , London, 1684), I, p. , I, p. , I, pp. 1009–11. These were still live issues in the eighteenth century: see the treatment of ‘Language’ in the classic Biblical dictionary of the Benedictine scholar Augustin Calmet, An historical, critical, geographical, chronological and etymological dictionary of the Holy Bible (trans.