By Rui Diogo
Gorillas, including chimpanzees, are our closest dwelling family members. This publication is the 1st photographic and descriptive musculoskeletal atlas of a child for any non-human primate species, being relatively appropriate after the impressive discovery of a 3.3 million-year-old fossilized human baby at Dikika, Ethiopia ("Lucy's baby"). The e-book for this reason adopts an analogous structure as our photographic atlases of grownup gorillas, chimpanzees, hylobatids and orangutans, that are a part of a chain of monographs that may set out the comparative and phylogenetic context of the gross anatomy and evolutionary heritage of the delicate tissue morphology of contemporary people and their closest kin. because the past books of this sequence, the current atlas comprises certain top quality photos of musculoskeletal constructions from so much anatomical areas of the physique in addition to textual information regarding the attachments, innervation, functionality and weight of the respective muscular tissues. even though, it contains more information and pictures in regards to the inner organs and epidermis, in addition to CT-scans. The publication will be of curiosity to scholars, lecturers and researchers learning primatology, comparative anatomy, sensible morphology, zoology, and actual anthropology and to scientific scholars, medical professionals and researchers who're considering the foundation, evolution, homology and diversifications of the musculoskeletal buildings of recent humans.
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Additional info for Baby Gorilla: Photographic and Descriptive Atlas of Skeleton, Muscles and Internal Organs
In the vast majority of the gorillas dissected by other authors and by us, the coracobrachialis brevis is not present as a distinct structure. Contrary to other hominoids and to most other primates, in gorillas (and also in hylobatids) the usual condition seems to be that in which the musculocutaneous nerve does not pass through the coracobrachialis, as noted by Macalister (1873), Hepburn (1892), Sonntag (1924), Loth (1931), Raven (1950) and Gibbs (1999) and illustrated in Fig. , Chapman 1878; such a piercement was apparently also present in one of the adult gorillas dissected by us (Diogo et al.
Usual innervation: Deep branch of ulnar nerve (Eisler 1890, Hepburn 1892, Sommer 1907, Raven 1950, Preuschoft 1965). • Notes: As explained above (see adductor pollicis), the flexor brevis profundus 2 of ‘lower’ mammals corresponds very likely to the ‘deep head of the flexor pollicis brevis’ of human anatomy; the ‘superficial head of the flexor pollicis brevis’ of human anatomy, as well as the opponens pollicis, derive very likely from the flexor brevis profundus 1 of ‘lower’ mammals, while the flexor digiti minimi brevis and the opponens digiti minimi derive very likely from the flexor brevis profundus 10 of ‘lower mammals’ (for a recent review, see Diogo et al.
Synonymy: Angulaire de l’omoplate (Deniker 1885); levator anguli scapulae (Macalister 1873, Hepburn 1892); levator scapulae dorsalis (Jouffroy 1971). 53 g; Fig. 3) • Attachments: From atlas to clavicle. • Usual innervation: C2 and C3 (Eisler 1890), C3 and C4 (Sommer 1907), C4 and C5 (Preuschoft 1965), or C2, C3 and C4 (Raven 1950). , the specimens reported by Preuschoft (1965), in which the muscle attached to the clavicle and scapula. Andrews & Groves (1976) stated that in gorillas the insertion of the muscle onto the clavicle is superficial/lateral to the trapezius, but Deniker (1885), Sommer (1907), Schück (1913a,b), Raven (1950), Preuschoft (1965) and Jouffroy (1971) stated that it is actually deep/medial to the this latter muscle, a statement that was corroborated by our dissections (see Fig.