By Michael Sorkin
The celebrated radical architect returns with an anthology at the politics and tradition of architecture.
All Over the Map is an pressing reaction to the unconventional alterations in modern structure and the outfitted surroundings witnessed within the twenty-first century. regularly polemic, incisive and vigorous, those essays discover urgent questions of architectural and concrete layout, and demanding problems with public house and participation. From big apple to New Orleans, the Amazon to Jerusalem, Sorkin brings a serious eye to endure on a sweeping diversity of subjects.
Whether castigating the sorry functionality of the architectural avant-garde, contemplating the character of position in globalized tradition, or supplying mock directions for coming into a high-security atmosphere, those writings make a robust and provocative case for structure and concrete layout to re-engage with the lives and societies from which they've got turn into more and more indifferent.
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Extra info for All Over the Map: Writing on Buildings and Cities
Since the lower social strata were (and in most congregations still) are strongly predominant, the question arises whether the pattern of spontaneous concerted action was in any sense compatible with the customary ways of behavior of these strata. In view of the salient characteristics of the preindustrial social structure with Brazil and Chile shared with the rest of Latin America, the answer seems to be negative. The colonial system of granting huge portions of land to privileged individuals laid the foundations of a social structure which put small groups of owners in almost absolute control of the landless masses.
Definitions of Portuguese and Spanish terms used in this study may be found in a glossary at the end of the volume. E. W. Page ix CONTENTS Part I: Introductions 1 The Missionary as a Cultural Innovator 3 2 Sociocultural Characteristics of American Protestantism 5 3 Latin America as an Extension of the American Frontier 10 4 Leading Hypotheses 12 Part II: Compatibilities and Incompatibilities 5 The Sociocultural Dimensions of the Problem 19 6 Structural Aspects of the Recipient Societies 21 7 Potential Role of the Middle Class 26 8 Marginal Groups: Rebellion and Messianic Movements in Brazil 30 9 The Catholic Church and Social Control 34 10 The Viability of the Protestant Ethic 45 Part III: Sociocultural Change and the Development of Protestantism 11 Changing Conditions of Protestant Growth 57 12 The Ecology of Protestantism in Brazil 68 13 Internal Migration and the Growth of Protestantism in Brazil 83 14 The Ecology of Protestantism in Chile 86 15 Excursus on Protestantism in Traditional Society 93 Page x Part IV: Adaptations and Selections: The National Churches and Pentecostal Sects Emerge 16 Schisms and Nationalism 103 17 Schisms and Nationalism: The Brazilian Pentecostal Sects 118 18 Protestantism and the Lower-Class Culture 122 19 The Religious Determinant 131 20 The Functions of Pentecostalism 133 21 Cohesion and Security 144 22 Protestantization as a Selective Process 153 Part V: Protestantism as a Factor of Culture Change 23 Inherent Changes and Contingent Changes 163 24 Changes in the Community Structure 165 25 The Protestant Family 169 26 Economic Changes 173 27 Excursus on Protestantism and Social Class 197 28 Political Behavior 220 29 Protestantism and Education 231 Part VI: Conclusions Conclusions 247 Appendix 261 Bibliography 277 Glossary 283 Index 285 Page 1 PART I INTRODUCTION Page 3 1 The Missionary as a Cultural Innovator Protestantism was late in coming to Latin America.
Some of these wished to remain unnamed. In Chile, I had the assistance and the collaboration of Fernando Moraga, Elbert Reed, and Page viii the Reverend Valenzuela, among many others. In Brazil, José Fabio da Silva Barbosa, José Maria Lopes, and Koy Yuasa acted most effectively as research assistants. The Reverend Nathaniel Nascimento and Professor Julio Andrade Ferreira were most helpful in organizing meetings and interviews with numerous members of the clergy and with the student bodies of two theological schools.